带参字的中药不一定就是补药,这种参基本上补益零作用

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曾几何时,国人开始喜欢吃“参”补“身”,例如您常常听到的人参和西洋参等。当然,还有很多中药也带“参”,如生晒参,红参,党参,丹参,沙参,苦参,那么,这些带“参”的中药,能够达到补益的作用吗?

您需要知道的是,有些不同的带“参”中药名,从药用基原(科属)上来看,其实是同一个中药,只不过生长环境和炮制方法不同罢了。

如:生晒参,红参,糖参,野山参,圆参等,虽然药效和药力有所区别,但其本质还是人参当然,它们和沙参,丹参,苦参等不一样

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那么,除了人参和西洋参这些显而易见的补药,沙参,丹参,苦参也是补药吗?接下来,我们根据《中国药典》给大家解释。对于这些补药,为了避免乱补,错补,建议您能理解并记住这三个方面:

补什么?是补气的,补阴的,还是补血的?

补哪里?是补肺的,补肾的,还是补脾的?

有多补?补的力量强不强?

明白了这三点,基本上对于这个补药就比较清楚了接下来看具体的中药:

五加科植物人参的干燥根,功效为“大补元气,复脉固脱,补脾益肺,生津,安神”,所以人参是补气药。不仅能补元气,补脾气(脾虚食欲不振等),补肺气(肺虚咳嗽等),还能补心气,安神。

除此之外,人参也具有一定的补阴生津的作用。人参经过不同的炮制,药性会发生变化,生晒参适用于清补,红参则偏于温补。

XXThe dry root of the American ginseng of the Araliaceae plant has the effect of “reinforcing qi and nourishing yin, clearing away heat and fluid”, and it is also a medicine that can tonify yin at the same time, which is also called “qi yin double supplement”. Invigorating the lungs, lung yin (intra-pharyngeal heat, etc.), tonifying kidney and kidney yin (viral heat and thirst, etc.), often used for qi and yin deficiency, or people who are easy to get angry but belong to qi deficiency.

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The dry root of the Phyllostachys pubescens has the effect of “Yiqi Jianpi, Shengjin Runfei”, and it is also a traditional Chinese medicine for qi and yin, but the drug is not as strong as ginseng and American ginseng, and can replenish the spleen (spleen and sweat, etc.). Bufei (lung dry cough, etc.), suitable for patients with mild qi deficiency or children, the elderly and other people who should not be too nourishing.

The dry root of Codonopsis pilosula, Codonopsis pilosula, or C. sinensis has the effect of “Buzhong Yiqi, Jianpi Yifei”, which can qi, specifically tonifying temper (spleen deficiency, loss of appetite, etc.), supplementing lungs ( Lung deficiency, cough, etc.), the drug is more peaceful.

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Shashen is divided into northern sand ginseng and southern sand ginseng. The northern sand ginseng is the dry root of the coral plant of the umbelliferae family. The southern sand ginseng is the dry root of the ginseng plant, the radix scutellariae. The effect is “yin yin Qingfei, Yiweishengjin”, which can replenish lung yin (lung heat cough, etc.). Tonic stomach (stomach heat, thirst, etc.), is a traditional Chinese medicine for yin, basically does not have the effect of qi.

Dry roots and rhizomes of Salvia miltiorrhiza. The effect is "to relieve pain, promote blood circulation, clear heart and eliminate trouble". The main function is to promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis, treat blood stasis syndrome such as irregular menstruation and chest pain, and at the same time, it can clear the heart and calm the nerves, but basically has no effect of replenishing.

The dry root of the leguminous plant Kushen, the effect is "heat and dampness, insecticidal, diuretic", the main role is to clear the damp heat, treatment of eczema, wet sores and phlegm, but also treatment of gynecological vaginitis and vaginal disease, also There is no such thing as a benefit.

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It can be seen that not all Chinese medicines with the word "parameter" have a beneficial effect.

xx丹参和苦参基本没有任何有益作用。对于其他传统中药,如人参,西洋参和党参,他们有不同的对象,不能盲目选择,虽然它们看起来有点像。

作者:首都医科大学附属北京千年纪念碑瑞金医院

北京中医药大学临床药学博士

中国药师执业,临床中药师,信息药师

中西医结合教育的教育背景

资料来源:《小病药治》科技文献出版社

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